Microseismic imaging of the hydraulic fracturing operation in the naturally fractured rocks confirms the existence of a stimulated volume (SV) of enhanced permeability. The simulation and characterization of the SV evolution is uniquely challenging given the uncertainty in the nature of the rock mass fabrics as well as the complex fracturing behavior of shear and tensile nature, irreversible plastic deformation and damage. In this paper, the simulation of the SV evolution is achieved using a nonlocal poromechanical plasticity model. Effects of the natural fracture network are incorporated via a nonlocal plasticity characteristic length, ℓ. A nonlocal Drucker–Prager failure model is implemented in the framework of Biot's theory using a new implicit C0 finite element method. First, the behavior of the SV for a two-dimensional (2D) geomechanical injection problem is simulated and the resulting SV is assessed. It is shown that breakdown pressure and stable fracturing pressure are the natural outcomes of the model and both depend upon ℓ. Next, the post-shut-in behavior of the SV is analyzed using the pressure and pressure derivative plots. A bilinear flow regime is observed and it is used to estimate the flow capacity of the SV. The results show that the flow capacity of the SV increases as ℓ decreases (i.e., as the SV behaves more like a single hydraulic fracture); however, for , the calculated flow capacity indicates that the conductivity of the SV is finite. Finally, it is observed that as ℓ tends to zero, the flow capacity of the SV tends to infinity and the SV behaves like a single infinitely conducting fracture.
Characterizing the Stimulated Reservoir Volume During Hydraulic Fracturing-Connecting the Pressure Fall-Off Phase to the Geomechanics of Fracturing
Contributed by the Applied Mechanics Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS. Manuscript received March 16, 2018; final manuscript received May 30, 2018; published online July 3, 2018. Editor: Yonggang Huang.
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Sarvaramini, E., Dusseault, M. B., and Gracie, R. (July 3, 2018). "Characterizing the Stimulated Reservoir Volume During Hydraulic Fracturing-Connecting the Pressure Fall-Off Phase to the Geomechanics of Fracturing." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. October 2018; 85(10): 101006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4040479
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