Current studies on tailoring the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of materials focused on either exploring the composition of the bulk material or the design of composites which strongly depend on a few negative CTE materials or fibers. In this work, an approach to achieve a wide range of tailorable CTEs through a dual-constituent triangular lattice material is studied. Theoretical analyses explicitly reveal that through rational arrangement of commonly available positive CTE constituents, tailorable CTEs, including negative, zero, and large positive CTEs can be easily achieved. We experimentally demonstrate this approach through CTE measurements of the specimens, which were exclusively fabricated from common alloys. The triangular lattice material fabricated from positive CTE alloys is shown to yield large positive (41.6 ppm/°C), near-zero (1.9 ppm/°C), and negative (−32.9 ppm/°C) CTEs. An analysis of the collapse strength and stiffness ensures the robust mechanical properties. Moreover, hierarchal triangular lattice material is proposed, and with certain constituents, wide range of tailorable CTEs can be easily obtained through the rationally hierarchal structure design. The triangular lattice material presented here integrates tailorable CTEs, lightweight characteristic, and robust mechanical properties, and is very promising for engineering applications where precise control of thermally induced expansion is in urgently needed.
Tailorable Thermal Expansion of Lightweight and Robust Dual-Constituent Triangular Lattice Material
Contributed by the Applied Mechanics Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS. Manuscript received July 17, 2017; final manuscript received August 10, 2017; published online August 30, 2017. Editor: Yonggang Huang.
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Wei, K., Peng, Y., Wen, W., Pei, Y., and Fang, D. (August 30, 2017). "Tailorable Thermal Expansion of Lightweight and Robust Dual-Constituent Triangular Lattice Material." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. October 2017; 84(10): 101006. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037589
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