The plane strain adhesive contact between a periodic wavy surface and a flat surface has been revisited based on the classical Maugis–Dugdale model. Closed-form analytical solutions derived by Hui et al. [1], which were limited to the case that the interaction zone cannot saturate at a period, have been extended to two additional cases with adhesion force acting throughout the whole period. Based on these results, a complete transition between the Westergaard and the Johnson, Kendall, and Roberts (JKR)-type contact models is captured through a dimensionless transition parameter, which is consistent with that for a single cylindrical contact. Depending on two dimensionless parameters, different transition processes between partial and full contact during loading/unloading stages are characterized by one or more jump instabilities. Rougher surfaces are found to enhance adhesion both by increasing the magnitude of the pull-off force and by inducing more energy loss due to adhesion hysteresis.

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