The cracking behavior of a composite beam with multiple reinforcing fibers under periodic traction-flexure is analyzed through a fracture mechanics-based model, where the edge-cracked beam section is exposed to external loads and crack bridging reactions due to the fibers. Assuming a rigid-perfectly plastic bridging law for the fibers and a linear-elastic law for the matrix, the statically indeterminate bridging forces are obtained from compatibility conditions. Under general load paths, shakedown conditions are explored by making use of the Melan's theorem, here reformulated for the discrete problem under consideration, where crack opening displacement at the fiber level plays the role of plastic strain in the counterpart problem of an elastic-plastic solid. The limit of shakedown is determined through an optimization procedure based on a linear programming technique.
Application of the Shakedown Theory to Brittle-Matrix Fiber-Reinforced Cracked Composite Beams Under Combined Traction and Flexure
Engineering and Architecture,
University of Parma,
Manuscript received April 3, 2013; final manuscript received August 29, 2013; accepted manuscript posted September 3, 2013; published online October 16, 2013. Assoc. Editor: Daining Fang.
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Spagnoli, A., Carpinteri, A., and Montanari, L. (October 16, 2013). "Application of the Shakedown Theory to Brittle-Matrix Fiber-Reinforced Cracked Composite Beams Under Combined Traction and Flexure." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. March 2014; 81(3): 031012. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4025313
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