The centrifugal softening effect is an alleged and elusive reduction of the natural frequencies of a rotating system with increasing speed which is sometimes found in finite element rotordynamics. This reduction may, in some instances, be large enough to cause some of the natural frequencies to vanish, leading to a sort of elastic instability. Some doubts can, however, be cast on the phenomenon itself and on the mathematical models causing it to appear. The aim of the present work is to shed some light on centrifugal softening and to discuss the assumptions that are at the basis of three-dimensional FEM modeling in rotordynamics. One and two degrees of freedom models, such as the ones introduced by Rankine and Jeffcott, are first studied and then the classical rotating beam, ring, disk, and membrane are addressed. Some numerical models, built using the FEM, are then solved using both dedicated and general purpose codes. In all cases no strong centrifugal softening is found.
On Centrifugal Softening in Finite Element Method Rotordynamics
Engineering and Mechatronics Lab,
Politecnico di Torino,
Manuscript received July 20, 2012; final manuscript received March 12, 2013; published online August 22, 2013. Editor: Yonggang Huang.
Genta, G., and Silvagni, M. (August 22, 2013). "On Centrifugal Softening in Finite Element Method Rotordynamics." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. January 2014; 81(1): 011001. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4024073
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