Open-cell metallic foams exhibit properties desirable in engineering applications requiring mitigation of the adverse effects resulting from impact loading; however, the history dependent dynamic response of these cellular materials has not been clearly elucidated. This article contributes an approach for modeling the response of dynamically loaded open-cell metallic foams from ligament level to unit cell level to specimen level. The effective response captures the localized chaotic collapse phenomena through ligament reorientation at cell level while maintaining the history of plastic deformation at ligament level. First, the phenomenological elastoplastic constitutive behavior of the ligaments composing the unit cell is modeled. Then, using the constitutive ligament model, the effective unit cell response is obtained from a micromechanical model that enforces the principle of minimum action on a representative 3D unit cell. Finally, the macroscopic specimen response is predicted utilizing a finite element analysis program, which obtains the response at every Gauss point in the mesh from the microscopic unit cell model. The current communication focuses on the ability of the model to capture the yielding and collapse behaviors, as well as the strain rate effects, observed during impact loading of metallic foams.
Modeling of Dynamically Loaded Open-Cell Metallic Foams: Yielding, Collapse, and Strain Rate Effects
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Romero, P. A., Soboyejo, W. O., and Cuitiño, A. M. (January 26, 2010). "Modeling of Dynamically Loaded Open-Cell Metallic Foams: Yielding, Collapse, and Strain Rate Effects." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. May 2010; 77(3): 031002. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4000386
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