The use of constitutive equations to describe the electromechanical behavior of electrostrictive materials began over 100 years ago. While these equations have been used to model a host of ceramic-based and polymer-based electroactive materials, a fully characterized model has not yet been developed to predict the response of transversely isotropic polymer electrostrictives. A constitutive model is developed within a thermodynamic and hyperelastic framework that incorporates the transversely isotropic material symmetry that is present in many polymer-based electrostrictives. The resulting constitutive model is characterized for three electrostrictive polymer systems using empirical data that are available in the literature. The model has a relatively simple functional form that is easily adaptable to other polymer electrostrictive material systems.
Constitutive Modeling of Electrostrictive Polymers Using a Hyperelasticity-Based Approach
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Richards, A. W., and Odegard, G. M. (October 5, 2009). "Constitutive Modeling of Electrostrictive Polymers Using a Hyperelasticity-Based Approach." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. January 2010; 77(1): 014502. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3173766
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