A semi-permeable interface crack in infinite elastic dielectric/piezoelectric bimaterials under combined electric and mechanical loading is studied by using the Stroh complex variable theory. Attention is focused on the influence induced from the permittivity of the medium inside the crack gap on the near-tip singularity and on the energy release rate (ERR). Thirty five kinds of such bimaterials are considered, which are constructed by five kinds of elastic dielectrics and seven kinds of piezoelectrics, respectively. Numerical results for the interface crack tip singularities are calculated. We demonstrate that, whatever the dielectric phase is much softer or much harder than the piezoelectric phase, the structure of the singular field near the semi-permeable interface crack tip in such bimaterials always consists of the singularity $r\u22121\u22152$ and a pair of oscillatory singularities $r\u22121\u22152\xb1i\epsilon $. Calculated values of the oscillatory index $\epsilon $ for the 35 kinds of bimaterials are presented in tables, which are always within the range between 0.046 and 0.088. Energy analyses for five kinds of such bimaterials constructed by PZT-4 and the five kinds of elastic dielectrics are studied in more detail under four different cases: (i) the crack is electrically conducting, (ii) the crack gap is filled with air/vacuum, (iii) the crack gap is filled with silicon oil, and (iv) the crack is electrically impermeable. Detailed comparisons on the variable tendencies of the crack tip ERR against the applied electric field are given under some practical electromechanical loading levels. We conclude that the different values of the permittivity have no influence on the crack tip singularity but have significant influences on the crack tip ERR. We also conclude that the previous investigations under the impermeable crack model are incorrect since the results of the ERR for the impermeable crack show significant discrepancies from those for the semi-permeable crack, whereas the previous investigations under the conducting crack model may be accepted in a tolerant way since the results of the ERR show very small discrepancies from those for the semi-permeable crack, especially when the crack gap is filled with silicon oil. In all cases under consideration the curves of the ERR for silicon oil are more likely tending to those for the conducting crack rather than to those for air or vacuum. Finally, we conclude that the variable tendencies of the ERR against the applied electric field have an interesting load-dependent feature when the applied mechanical loading increases. This feature is due to the nonlinear relation between the normal electric displacement component and the applied electromechanical loadings from a quadratic equation.

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# Solution for a Semi-Permeable Interface Crack in Elastic Dielectric/Piezoelectric Bimaterials

Q. Li

,
Q. Li

School of Aerospace, MOE Laboratory,

Xian Jiao-Tong University

, Xian, Shanxi 710049, P.R.C.
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Y. H. Chen

Y. H. Chen

School of Aerospace, MOE Laboratory,

yhchen2@mail.xjtu.edu.cn
Xian Jiao-Tong University

, Xian, Shanxi 710049, P.R.C.
Search for other works by this author on:

Q. Li

School of Aerospace, MOE Laboratory,

Xian Jiao-Tong University

, Xian, Shanxi 710049, P.R.C.
Y. H. Chen

School of Aerospace, MOE Laboratory,

Xian Jiao-Tong University

, Xian, Shanxi 710049, P.R.C.yhchen2@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

*J. Appl. Mech*. Jan 2008, 75(1): 011010 (13 pages)

**Published Online:**January 11, 2008

Article history

Received:

October 30, 2006

Revised:

February 4, 2007

Published:

January 11, 2008

Citation

Li, Q., and Chen, Y. H. (January 11, 2008). "Solution for a Semi-Permeable Interface Crack in Elastic Dielectric/Piezoelectric Bimaterials." ASME. *J. Appl. Mech*. January 2008; 75(1): 011010. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2745397

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