The curvature-stress relation is studied for a film-substrate bilayer with the effect of interfacial slip and compared with that of an ideal interface without interfacial slip. The interfacial slip together with the dimensions, elastic and interfacial properties of the film and substrate layers can cause a significant deviation of curvature-stress relation from that with an ideal interface. The interfacial slip also results in the so-called free edge effect that the stress, constraint force, and curvature vary dramatically around the free edges. The constant curvature as predicted by Stoney’s formula and the Timoshenko model of an ideal interface is no longer valid for a bilayer with a nonideal interface. The models with the assumption of an ideal interface can also lead to an erroneous evaluation on the true stress state inside a bilayer with a nonideal interface. The extended Stoney’s formula incorporating the effects of both the layer dimensions and interfacial slip is presented.
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Extended Stoney’s Formula for a Film-Substrate Bilayer With the Effect of Interfacial Slip
State Key Laboratory of Nonlinear Mechanics (LNM), Institute of Mechanics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, P.R.C.
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Zhang, Y. (January 11, 2008). "Extended Stoney’s Formula for a Film-Substrate Bilayer With the Effect of Interfacial Slip." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. January 2008; 75(1): 011008. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2745387
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