Thermal diffusion, or Soret effect, in porous media is mathematically modeled with the Firoozabadi model based on non-equilibrium thermodynamics. The Soret effect in a binary mixture is investigated in a vertical cavity with heterogeneous permeability, where natural convection can occur. The thermo solutal convection with heterogeneous permeability was studied in terms of flow pattern, concentration distribution, component separation ratio, and Soret coefficient distribution. A consistent analysis was conducted and it is concluded that the Soret coefficient of thermal diffusion in porous media strongly depends on the heterogeneity of permeability.

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