Equations of rigid-body mechanics provide a means to predict the post-collision behavior without recourse to highly complex, detailed analysis of deformations during contact. Before the prediction can be completed, the coefficient of restitution, which relates the rebound velocity to the incident velocity, must be estimated properly. The coefficient of restitution depends on the surface topography in addition to the material properties and incident velocity. Recent investigations showed that surface topography can be characterized properly by fractal models. This paper proposes a normal contact model for a fractal surface in contact with a rigid smooth half-space. The fractal surface is constructed based on the Cantor set and composed of elastic-perfectly plastic material. Asymptotic continuous expressions for the load-displacement relations during loading and unloading are derived. Based on these results, we study the effects of surface roughness, material properties and incident velocity on the coefficient of restitution.
Coefficients of Restitution Based on a Fractal Surface Model
Contributed by the Applied Mechanics Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS. Manuscript received by the ASME Applied Mechanics Division, October 10, 2001; final revision, September 9, 2002. Associate Editor: K. T. Ramesh. Discussion on the paper should be addressed to the Editor, Prof. Robert M. McMeeking, Department of Mechanical and Environmental Engineering University of California–Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-5070, and will be accepted until four months after final publication of the paper itself in the ASME JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS.
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Lu, C., and Kuo, M. (June 11, 2003). "Coefficients of Restitution Based on a Fractal Surface Model ." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. May 2003; 70(3): 339–345. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1574063
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