When an elastomeric material is subject to sufficiently high temperature, macromolecular network junctions can undergo time-dependent scission and re-crosslinking (healing). The material system then consists of molecular networks with different reference states. A constitutive framework, based on the experimental work of Tobolsky, is used to determine the evolution of deformation of a solid rubber cylinder spinning at constant angular velocity at an elevated temperature. Responses based on underlying neo-Hookean, Mooney-Rivlin, and Arruda-Boyce models, were solved numerically and compared. Different amounts of healing were studied for each case. For neo-Hookean molecular networks, there may be a critical finite time when the radius grows infinitely fast and the cylinder “blows up.” This time depends on the angular velocity and the rate of re-cross linking. In addition, no solution was possible for angular velocities above a critical value, even without the effects of scission. Such anomalous behavior does not occur for Mooney-Rivlin or Arruda-Boyce network response.
Scission and Healing in a Spinning Elastomeric Cylinder at Elevated Temperature
Contributed by the Applied Mechanics Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS. Manuscript received by the ASME Applied Mechanics Division, April 5, 2001; final revision, February 5, 2002. Associate Editor: K. R. Rajagopal. Discussion on the paper should be addressed to the Editor, Prof. Robert M. McMeeking, Department of Mechanical and Environmental Engineering University of California–Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-5070, and will be accepted until four months after final publication of the paper itself in the ASME JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS.
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Wineman, A. S., and Shaw, J. A. (August 16, 2002). "Scission and Healing in a Spinning Elastomeric Cylinder at Elevated Temperature ." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. September 2002; 69(5): 602–609. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1485757
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