Based on the premise that large-scale failure of sea ice is governed by fracture mechanics, recently validated by Dempsey’s in situ tests of fracture specimens of a record-breaking size, this two-part study applies fracture mechanics and asymptotic approach to obtain approximate explicit formulas for the size effect in two fundamental problems. In the present Part I, the load capacity of a floating ice plate subjected to vertical load is determined, and in Part II, which follows, the horizontal force exerted by an ice plate moving against a fixed structure is analyzed in a similar manner. The resulting formulas for vertical loading agree with previous sophisticated numerical fracture simulations as well with the limited field tests of vertical penetration that exist. The results contrast with the classical predictions of material strength or plasticity theories, which in general exhibit no size effect on the nominal strength of the structure.
Scaling of Sea Ice Fracture—Part I: Vertical Penetration
Contributed by the Applied Mechanics Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS. Manuscript received by the ASME Applied Mechanics Division, Aug. 7, 2000; final revision, July 19, 2001. Associate Editor: A. Needleman. Discussion on the paper should be addressed to the Editor, Professor Lewis T. Wheeler, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-4792, and will be accepted until four months after final publication of the paper itself in the ASME JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS.
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Bazˇant, Z. P. (July 19, 2001). "Scaling of Sea Ice Fracture—Part I: Vertical Penetration ." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. January 2002; 69(1): 11–18. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1429932
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