A strain-based thermodynamics framework is proposed for modeling the continuum damage behavior of viscoelastic materials. Damage is represented by an internal state variable in the form of a symmetric second rank tensor. The effect of damage on the constitutive behavior is introduced through direct coupling between the damage variable and the viscoelastic internal state variables. This approach accounts for time-dependent damage as well as damage-induced changes in material symmetry. Also, damage evolution is modeled by employing the concept of damage surfaces. This work is motivated by experimental observations of the response of swirl-mat and random chopped fiber mat polymeric composites where viscoelastic creep was accompanied by a multitude of fiber/matrix interfacial cracks.
A Strain-Based Formulation for the Coupled Viscoelastic/Damage Behavior
Contributed by the Applied Mechanics Division of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS. Manuscript received by the ASME Applied Mechanics Division, Oct. 27, 1999; final revision, Mar. 24, 2000. Associate Editor: J. W. Ju. Discussion on the paper should be addressed to the Editor, Professor Lewis T. Wheeler, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204-4792, and will be accepted until four months after final publication of the paper itself in the ASME JOURNAL OF APPLIED MECHANICS.
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Abdel-Tawab, K., and Weitsman, Y. J. (March 24, 2000). "A Strain-Based Formulation for the Coupled Viscoelastic/Damage Behavior ." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. March 2001; 68(2): 304–311. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1348013
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