A detailed study of a Rayleigh wave propagating on the surface of a micropolar elastic circular cylinder in an azimuthal direction is considered. At the cutoff frequency if the particle displacement is purely azimuthal and equivoluminal, then only this type of wave exists. A number of deviations from the results of the classical theory are observed. For example, the phase velocity corresponding to the same branch is given to be single valued, whereas it seems to be multivalued at some intervals. Due to the micropolar effect there exists an extra wave whose frequency spectrum is also obtained. The dependence of the microrotation and couple stress amplitudes on depth are evaluated. The frequency of the Rayleigh wave increases due to the micropolar effect.

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