The development of shear localization in a polycrystalline sheet subject to pure bending is analyzed numerically using a slip-based constitutive model. The material response at each finite element integration point is determined by averaging the stiffness matrices from differently oriented FCC crystals. The effects of texture evolution, hardening, and strain-rate sensitivity are incorporated. The model predicts localized plastic deformation at both the tensile and the compressive surfaces of the sheet during bending. Comparison of the numerical results with a section of the bent sheet indicates that strain localization is predicted at the appropriate strain levels and orientations.
Issue Section:Research Papers
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Copyright © 1992
by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers