The orthogonality properties among the eigenfunctions for a gyroscopic system are derived for a stiffness operator that is not positive definite. The derivatives of the eigenvalues with respect to certain parameters in the system are then obtained. The results are applied to a spinning disk in contact with a stationary load system, which contains such parameters as friction force, transverse mass, damping, stiffness, and the analogous pitching elements, to predict the effects of these parameters and the stiffening of the disk due to the centrifugal force on the natural frequencies and stability of the spinning disk. The results obtained provide a theoretical understanding for previously reported observations based on numerical solutions.

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