Using the method derived in Part I, plane-strain sheet-forming processes are analyzed and discussed. Stretch and deep draw forming by cylindrical and flat-bottom punches are presented and compared to closed-form solutions and existing numerical results. The performance of the new algorithm is successfully tested on a complex set of concave, irregular tools by simulating redrawing and reverse drawing with two-sided draw-in and various drawbead forces. The results demonstrate good robustness, accuracy, and efficiency even in the presence of large relative movements between contact surfaces. A quadratic rate of asymptotic convergence is documented for the consistent algorithm and comparison is made to the “linearized” theory which exhibits only linear rate of convergence and reduced numerical stability.
A Consistent Implicit Formulation for Nonlinear Finite Element Modeling With Contact and Friction: Part II—Numerical Verification and Results
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Saran, M. J., and Wagoner, R. H. (June 1, 1991). "A Consistent Implicit Formulation for Nonlinear Finite Element Modeling With Contact and Friction: Part II—Numerical Verification and Results." ASME. J. Appl. Mech. June 1991; 58(2): 507–512. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2897213
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