Plane-strain elastic-plastic crack-tip fields have been modeled with modified boundary layer formulations based on the first two terms K and T, of the elastic field. These formulations match the appropriate full field solutions. Compressive T stresses reduce the stresses by an amount which is independent of radial distance, corresponding to the introduction of a second term in addition to the dominant plastic singularity. Geometries which maintain J-dominance are characterized by zero or positive T stresses, while geometries with negative T stresses can be described by a two-parameter characterization using J and T into full plasticity.

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