An approximate method that uses conventional condensation techniques for linear systems together with the nonparametric identification of the reduced-order model generalized nonlinear restoring forces is presented for reducing the order of discrete multidegree-of-freedom dynamic systems that possess arbitrary nonlinear characteristics. The utility of the proposed method is demonstrated by considering a redundant three-dimensional finite-element model half of whose elements incorporate hysteretic properties. A nonlinear reduced-order model, of one-third the order of the original model, is developed on the basis of wideband stationary random excitation and the validity of the reduced-order model is subsequently demonstrated by its ability to predict with adequate accuracy the transient response of the original nonlinear model under a different nonstationary random excitation.

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