Correction methods for the determination of dynamic stress-intensity factors from isochromatic crack-tip stress patterns are developed within the framework of a Westergaard-type stress-function analysis where higher-order terms of the series expansions of the stress functions are retained. The addition σox to the extensional stress σx, is regarded as a first correction term, and the far-field correction term which is proportional to r1/2 is referred to as the β-correction. The β-term represents effects that are due to particular loading systems and situations including finite specimen boundaries. The associated method to determine K can be termed a three-parameter method since it contains K, α, and β as parameters. The correction methods, i.e., velocity correction and higher-order term corrections, permit modification of the “static” crack velocity versus stress-intensity factor (c-K) relationship by correcting the static K for the influence of crack speed and higher-order terms. The results show that both corrections assist the interpretation of current photoelastic c-K-data even though the crack speeds do not exceed one third of the shear wave speed.

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