A linear stability analysis is presented for a thin-walled, circular cylindrical shell of orthotropic material conveying a swirling flow. Shell motion is modeled by using the dynamic orthotropic version of the Sanders shell theory and fluid forces are described by inviscid, incompressible flow theory. The critical flow velocities are determined for piping made of composite and isotropic materials conveying swirling water. Fluid rotation strongly degrades the stability of the shell/fluid system, i.e. increasing the fluid rotating speed severely decreases the critical flow velocity.

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