This paper gives an expository survey of some of the principal mathematical models which have been used in the theory of rotating fluids, together with a discussion of several explicit examples. Some of these examples are related to geophysical fluid dynamics; others more directly to laboratory studies. In all cases the examples have been selected to illustrate some of the most important physical phenomena which are characteristic of rotating flows and distinguish them from other fluid motions. Physical concepts, such as the Taylor-Proudman effects, the Ekman boundary layer, and Rayleigh’s analogy, which have proved useful in obtaining a general understanding of rotating fluids, are presented and discussed.

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