Abstract

A general method is described for the solution of problems of transverse bending of thin plates acted on by concentrated normal forces, and of problems of plane stress or plane strain, in which concentrated forces are applied to the boundaries. The solution is taken in two parts: (a) The special functions which give the stresses or deflections in the neighborhood of the concentrated forces. (b) A complementary function, satisfying the appropriate biharmonic equation, such that the complete solution satisfies the boundary conditions of the problem. For certain types of boundaries, this complementary function can be determined by expanding the concentrated-force functions as infinite trigonometric series. Then by addition of general solutions of the appropriate biharmonic equation, the required boundary conditions may be satisfied. The method is first illustrated by solving the plate-bending problem, for which the solution is known, of a clamped circular disk loaded by a transverse force at any point. It is then applied to the problem of an infinite plate fixed at an inner circular boundary, with outer edge free, and loaded by a transverse force at any point. This solution is obtained in finite form, and typical curves of deflection, bending moments, and shear forces are given in Figs. 3 to 8, inclusive. Using this result, solutions are next obtained for ring-shaped plates of finite outer radius, with the force applied either at the outer edge or at any point between the inner clamped edge and the outer free edge. The former case was previously solved by H. Reissner. Curves comparing the maximum moments and shears in the infinite plate with those of the annular plate with force either at the outer edge, or inside the ring are given in Figs. 9 to 12, inclusive. Finally, a solution is given of the problem in plane stress of a large plate containing an elliptical hole, which is loaded by line forces at the ends of the minor axes of the ellipse. Curves showing results of this solution are given in Figs. 14 and 15.

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