The aim of this preliminary study is to investigate the capabilities of a non-destructive evaluation (NDE) sensor in detecting bearing faults. An air-coupled ultrasound sensor is used for this purpose. An accelerometer, which is the standard sensor used in industry, is also used in order to compare the output spectrums of the two sensor signals. A defect was created intentionally on the bearing components to simulate a fatigue crack or other relevant defect. The power spectra of vibration signals measured by accelerometer and ultrasound sensor are compared and their advantages and disadvantages are determined.

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