Understanding friction and wear of biomaterials when in contact with articular cartilage is vital within the development of future hemi-arthroplasty and cartilage substitution. This study aimed to compare the frictional properties of single phase and biphasic polymeric materials against articular cartilage. Continuous sliding friction was applied by means of a simple geometry wear simulator. The single-phase polymers produced peak frictional values of 0.37(±0.02). The biphasic hydrogel produced a peak frictional coefficient of 0.17(±0.05). It is postulated that this reduction in friction can be attributed to its biphasic properties, which instigates the fluid phase load carriage within the articular cartilage/hydrogel interface to be maintained for longer, reducing the frictional coefficient. This study illustrates the importance of biphasic properties within the tribology of future cartilage substitution materials.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.