The oil consumption and blow-by gas through piston-cylinder-ring crevices have to be minimized. Meanwhile, the friction losses in the piston ring pack need to be reduced in order to improve fuel economy and engine performance. In these two aspects, study on the optimized design of the piston ring pack has to be carried out. The amounts of oil consumption and blow-by gas are important factors to decide whether an engine is operating under good conditions or not during engine development and engine life cycle. The purpose of this study is to develop a computer program predicting engine oil consumption and blow-by gas by calculating the amount of oil flowing into the combustion chamber and gas flow down to the crankcase through the piston ring pack. Using this program, the condition of an engine can be predicted in advance.

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