A wind power system differs from a conventional power system. In a conventional power plant, the operator can control the plant’s output. The output of a wind farm cannot be controlled because the output fluctuates with the wind. In this study, we investigated only the fixed-frequency induction generator, often used with wind turbines. We adopted the worst-case scenario and conducted a per-phase, per-turbine analysis. Our analysis showed a strong interaction among the wind farm, the utility grid, and the individual generator. In this paper, we investigate the power-system interaction resulting from power variations at wind farms using steady-state analysis. We use the characteristic of a real windsite on a known weak grid. We present different types of capacitor compensations and use phasor diagrams to illustrate the characteristics of these compensations. The purpose of our study is to provide wind farm developers with somc insights on wind farm power systems.

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