The SPES3 facility is being built at the SIET laboratories, in the frame of an R&D program on Nuclear Fission, led by ENEA and funded by the Italian Ministry of Economic Development. The facility is based on the IRIS reactor design, an advanced medium size, integral layout, pressurized water reactor, based on the proven technology of PWR with an innovative configuration and safety features suitable to cope with Loss of Coolant Accidents through a dynamic coupling of the primary and containment systems. SPES3 is suitable to test the plant response to postulated Design and Beyond Design Basis Events, providing experimental data for code validation and plant safety analysis. It reproduces the primary, secondary and containment systems of the reactor with 1:100 volume scale, full elevation, prototypical fluid and thermal-hydraulic conditions. A design-calculation feedback process, based on the comparison between IRIS and SPES3 simulations, performed respectively by FER, with GOTHIC and RELAP5 coupled codes, and by SIET, with RELAP5 code, led to reduce the differences in the two plants behaviour, versus a 2-inch equivalent DVI line DEG break, considered the most challenging LOCA for the IRIS plant. Once available the final design of SPES3, further calculations were performed to investigate Beyond Design Basis Events, where the intervention of the Passive Containment Condenser is fundamental for the accident recovery. Sensitivity analyses showed the importance of the PCC actuation time, to limit the containment pressure, to reach an early pressure equalization between the primary and containment systems and to allow passive water transfer from the containment to the RPV, enhanced by the ADS Stage-II opening.
The SPES3 Facility for Testing an Integral Layout SMR: BDBE Simulation Analysis
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Ferri, R, Achilli, A, Congiu, C, Cattadori, G, Bianchi, F, Meloni, P, Monti, S, Luce, A, Ricotti, ME, Papini, D, & Grgic´, D. "The SPES3 Facility for Testing an Integral Layout SMR: BDBE Simulation Analysis." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Small Modular Reactors Symposium. ASME 2011 Small Modular Reactors Symposium. Washington, DC, USA. September 28–30, 2011. pp. 269-278. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SMR2011-6614
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