Elastocaloric cooling uses solid-state NiTi-based shape memory alloy (SMA) as a non-volatile cooling medium and enables a novel environment-friendly cooling technology without global warming potential. Due to the high specific latent heats activated by mechanical loading/unloading, large temperature changes can be generated in the material. Accompanied by a small required work input, a high coefficient of performance is achievable.
Recently, a fully-functional and illustrative continuous operating elastocaloric fluid cooling system based on SMA is developed and realized, using a novel mechanical concept for individual loading and unloading of multiple SMA wire bundles. The fluid-based heat transfer system is designed for efficient heat exchange between the stationary heat source/sink and the SMA elements, operates without any additional heat transfer medium. Rotation frequency and fluid flow-rate are adjustable during operation, which allows adapting the operation point to power- or efficiency-optimized demands.
The versatile placement of the in- and outlets allows different duct lengths and counter-flow or parallel-flow experiments. To investigate the air flow parameters at the in- and outlets, as well as the crossflow between the hot and cold side, a measurement system is developed and integrated. In this contribution, the first measurement results of the output temperatures for inlet air flow variation in combination with different rotation frequencies are presented.