Nitinol in the form of wires, tubes, and plates have been explored extensively; however, the characteristics of Nitinol as a woven fabric have so far been little-studied analytically. It would be easier to design such a fabric if conventional fabric models were known to apply to Nitinol fabrics, potentially with modifications required by Nitinol’s unique properties. A 25 mm wide Nitinol narrow fabric has been manufactured using traditional weaving equipment using a proprietary process that achieves a uniform and tight weave. Heat-treatment and straight shape-set is applied to a single Nitinol wire and the woven Nitinol fabric at 600°C for 30 minutes. The 0.25 mm Nitinol wire constituent was tested using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to determine the transition temperatures (Mf, Ms, As, and Af), which were found on average to be 54.5°C, 66.9°C, 88.7°C, and 103.5°C respectively. Both the Nitinol wire and fabric were tested in a temperature-controlled chamber (testing temperatures ranged from room temperature to 200°C) in which the tensile stress-strain characteristics were observed. It was determined that existing analytical models can be employed to accurately estimate the overall tensile stiffness of woven Nitinol fabrics in a small-strain regime. Additionally, it was confirmed that the tensile loading of woven Nitinol fabric can be modeled in MSC.Adams with beam elements. In combination with the geometric model presented, woven Nitinol fabric behavior can be predicted from the experimental behavior of the constituent Nitinol wire.

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