Conducting polymers are ionic active materials that can perform electro-chemo-mechanical work through redox reactions. The electro-chemo-mechanical coupling in these materials has been successfully applied to develop various application platforms (actuation systems, sensor elements and energy storage devices (super capacitors, battery electrodes)). Similarly, bioderived membranes are ionic active materials that have been demonstrated as actuators, sensors and energy harvesting devices. Bioderived membranes offer significant advantages over synthetic ionic active materials in energy conversion and the scientific community has put forward various system level concepts for application in engineering applications. The biological origins of these material systems and their subsequent mechanical, electrical and thermal properties have served as a key deterrent in applications. This article proposes a novel architecture that combines a conducting polymer and a bioderived membrane into an integrated material system in which the charge gradients generated from a biochemical reaction is stored and released in the conducting polymer through redox reactions. This paper discusses the fabrication and topographical characterization of the integrated bioderived-conducting polymer membrane nanostructures. The prototype comprises of an organized array of fluid-filled three-dimensional containers with an integrated membrane shell that performs energy conversion and storage owing to its multi-functional microstructure. The bioderived membrane is self-assembled into a hollow spherical container from synthetic membranes or bilayer lipid membranes with proteins and the conducting polymer membrane forms a wrapper around this container resulting in a three-dimensional assembly.

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