Plane PVDF-foil modules have been developed and successfully tested that generate electrical energy out of the mechanical energy of dynamic weight forces. For instance electrical energy can be generated, if people or vehicles pass such modules on a ground area. This method is based on the piezoelectric effect of stretched PVDF-foil. The energy conversion of the generator modules was investigated with regard to the remanent polarization of the PVDF material. Furthermore, the influence of the PVDF layer system was investigated on the energy conversion. The measured values are compared with values calculated analytically. It was found that a higher remanent polarization of the PVDF material lead to a better energy conversion. Even more electrical energy could be generated, if more PVDF layers were stacked above each other. If the values were normalized on the PVDF volume used in each case, the values of the electric energy were not constant. However, a maximum was observed at n = 21 layers. The measured energy values were higher than calculated values of the longitudinal piezoelectric effect. This could be caused by a simultaneous expansion of the PVDF film in a direction vertical to the direction of the mechanical load. These generator modules could be used as new energy source for emergency lighting, alarm systems, traffic sensors, etc.
- Aerospace Division
Plane PVDF-Foil Modules for Energy Harvesting of Dynamic Weight Forces
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Bischur, E, & Schwesinger, N. "Plane PVDF-Foil Modules for Energy Harvesting of Dynamic Weight Forces." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems. ASME 2011 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Volume 1. Scottsdale, Arizona, USA. September 18–21, 2011. pp. 753-757. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SMASIS2011-5164
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