The effect of adding surface-functionally treated TiO2 nanoparticles on dielectric properties of PVDF matrix was investigated. Porosity of the nanocomposite films showed to have an impact on dielectric permittivity results. Thermal annealing was proposed as an effective way to overcome the porosity problem. By combination of surface treatment of particles and thermal annealing of nanocomposite films, considerable enhancement in dielectric permittivity of TiO2-PVDF nanocomposites was achieved. The experimental results were far higher than theoretical values based on Maxwell model, indicating the presence of an active interphase with high dielectric constant in the system.

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