Shape memory alloy (SMA) wire jackets for concrete are distinct from the conventional jackets of steel or FRP since they provide active confinement that can be easily archived due to the shape memory effect of SMAs. This study uses NiTiNb SMA wires of 1.0 mm diameter to confine concrete cylinder with the dimension of 300 mm × 150 mm (L × D). The NiTiNb SMAs have a relative wider temperature hysteresis than NiTi SMAs and, thus, are more applicable for severe temperature-variation environment which civil structures are exposed to. Steel jackets of passive confinement are also prepared to compare the cyclic behavior of active and passive confined concrete cylinders. For this purpose, monotonic and cyclic compressive loading tests are conducted to obtain axial and circumferential strain. The both of strains are used to estimate volumetric strains of concrete cylinders. Also, plastic strains from cyclic behavior are also estimated. For the NiTiNb SMA jacketed cylinders, the monotonic axial behavior differs from the envelope of cyclic behavior; this should be studied in future. The plastic strains of the active confined concrete show a similar trend to those of the passive confinement. The trend of plastic strain of this study does not match with that of CFRP (Carbon Fiber Reinforce Polymer) jackets. For the volumetric strain, the active jackets of the NiTiNb SMA wires provide more energy dissipation than the passive jacket of steel.

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