One of the emerging issues in lightweight aerospace structures is the real-time estimation of the structural shape changes. In order to reconstruct the structure shape based on the measured strain data at multiple points, the displacement-strain transformation (DST) method has been used. In this study, simulation for a 1-D beam model was performed to verify the DST method. Bending displacements for various excitation conditions were successfully estimated using the simulated strain signals. Strain sensor positions were optimized by the minimization of the condition number of the DST matrix for the 1-D beam. We further expanded the shape estimation method to rotating beams. A rotating flexible beam experimental model was constructed and a numerical simulation model was also prepared. Multiplexed four FBG sensors were fabricated and attached to the rotating beam structures to measure strains at four different locations. The experimental device has an optical rotary coupler, and the sensor signals are transmitted through the optical rotary coupler. Bending displacements were estimated based on the FBG signals and compared with directly measured displacement data using photographs taken by a high-speed camera. This shows the validity of the proposed shape estimation technique based on DST matrix for rotating beam structures.

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