Fullerene nanofibers are the fine needle-like crystals composed of fullerene molecules and can be synthesized in a solution at ambient temperature and atmosphere. The growth control of the fullerene nanofibers are necessary in order to apply them for practical uses. We have developed a method to synthesize short fullerene nanowhiskers with a uniform length suitable for the electrodes in solar cells and fuel cells. This paper reports the synthesis of C60 nanofibers, including their properties and application.

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