Biological systems demonstrate autonomous healing of damage and are an inspiration for developing self-healing materials. Our recent experimental study has demonstrated that a bilayer lipid membrane (BLM), also called a black lipid membrane, has the ability to self-heal after mechanical failure. These molecules have a unique property that they spontaneously self assembly into organized structures in an aqueous medium. The BLM forms an impervious barrier to ions and fluid between two volumes and strength of the barrier is dependent on the pressure and electrical field applied to the membrane. A BLM formed over an aperture on a silicon substrate is shown to self-heal for 5 pressurization failure cycles.
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Self-Healing Bilayer Lipid Membranes Formed Over Synthetic Substrates
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Creasy, MA, & Leo, DJ. "Self-Healing Bilayer Lipid Membranes Formed Over Synthetic Substrates." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems. Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2. Ellicott City, Maryland, USA. October 28–30, 2008. pp. 601-606. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SMASIS2008-460
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