This paper discusses a study of the Hilbert-Huang transform approach as a structural health monitoring tool for a curved composite panel with a [90/0/0/90]sym lay-up sequence. The Hilbert amplitude, phase, and frequency coupled with empirical mode decomposition (EMD) process are defined as the Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) and used to evaluate structural damage in the curved composite panel as the level of damage increases. Piezoelectric (PZT) sheets are used as an actuator and receivers, akin to the pitch-catch method to excite the guided Lamb waves and to obtain the vibratory response of the curved composite panel. In this paper, a new damage metric using the Hilbert-Huang transformed energy and amplitude in conjunction with the Hilbert-Huang transformed phase are proposed and investigated as a new structural damage index. Results show that these damage metrics are capable of tracking progressive damage growth in the form of loss of torque load.

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