We present a novel approach for optimal actuator and sensor placement for active sensing-based structural health monitoring (SHM). Of particular interest is the optimization of actuator-sensor arrays making use of Lamb wave propagation for detecting damage in thin plate-like structures. Using a detection theory framework, we establish the optimum configuration as the minimization of the expected percentage of the structure to show type I or type II error during the damage detection process. The detector incorporates a statistical model of the active sensing process which implements both pulse-echo and pitch-catch actuation schemes and takes into account line of site and non-uniform damage probabilities. The optimization space was searched using a genetic algorithm with a time varying mutation rate. We provide four example actuator/sensor placement scenarios and the optimal solutions as generated by the algorithm.
- Aerospace Division
Optimal Sensor Placement for Active Sensing
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Flynn, E, & Todd, M. "Optimal Sensor Placement for Active Sensing." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems. Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, Volume 2. Ellicott City, Maryland, USA. October 28–30, 2008. pp. 105-113. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SMASIS2008-439
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