In the current paper, the hysteretic dynamics of ferroelectric materials under combined electro-mechanical loadings is investigated using a macroscopic differential model. The model is constructed on the basis of the Landau theory of the first order phase transformations. Hysteresis loops in the electric field and the butterfly-shaped behaviors in the electro-mechanical coupling are modeled as a consequence of polarizations and orientation switchings, together with nonlinear electro-mechanical coupling effects. The effects of bias stress on the orientation switchings are investigated numerically. Comparison of the model results with its experimental counterparts is presented, capability of the model is approved.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.