Explosions are the leading cause of death on the battlefield [1]. These explosives, such as bombs and mines, generate shock waves which stimulate large accelerations and deformations. The resulting loads pose serious threats to military and civilians if not sufficiently evaluated and protected. The use of anti-vehicle landmines has become extremely common. Due to lower extremities being in direct contact with the floor of vehicles, the lower extremities are commonly injured during explosions [2]. These injuries can be seriously fatal. Although experimental studies have been performed to advance these understandings [2], limited progress has been made in computational analysis of shock waves on the lower extremity.

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