Single Ventricle Heart Defects (SVHD) are present in 2 per 1000 live births in the US. SVHD are characterized by cyanotic mixing between the de-oxygenated blood from the systemic circulation return and the oxygenated blood from the pulmonary arteries. In the current practice, surgical interventions on SVHD patients commonly result in the total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC) . In this configuration the systemic venous returns (inferior vena cava, IVC, and superior vena cava, SVC) are directly routed to the right and left pulmonary arteries (RPA and LPA), bypassing the right heart. The resulting anatomy has complex and unsteady hemodynamics characterized by flow mixing and flow separation. Pulsation of the inlet venous flow during a cardiac cycle and wall motion may result in complex and unsteady flow patterns in the TCPC. Although vessel wall motion and different degrees of pulsatility have been observed in vivo, non-pulsatile (time-averaged) flow boundary conditions and rigid walls have traditionally been assumed in estimating the TCPC hemodynamic parameters (such as energy loss). Recent studies have shown that these assumptions may result in significant inaccuracies in modeling TCPC hemodynamics [2, 3].
- Bioengineering Division
Effect of Flow Pulsatility and Wall Compliance on the Energy Loss in the Total Cavopulmonary Connection
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Khiabani, RH, Phonekeo, S, Srinimukesh, H, Tang, E, Fogel, M, & Yoganathan, AP. "Effect of Flow Pulsatility and Wall Compliance on the Energy Loss in the Total Cavopulmonary Connection." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Volume 1B: Extremity; Fluid Mechanics; Gait; Growth, Remodeling, and Repair; Heart Valves; Injury Biomechanics; Mechanotransduction and Sub-Cellular Biophysics; MultiScale Biotransport; Muscle, Tendon and Ligament; Musculoskeletal Devices; Multiscale Mechanics; Thermal Medicine; Ocular Biomechanics; Pediatric Hemodynamics; Pericellular Phenomena; Tissue Mechanics; Biotransport Design and Devices; Spine; Stent Device Hemodynamics; Vascular Solid Mechanics; Student Paper and Design Competitions. Sunriver, Oregon, USA. June 26–29, 2013. V01BT44A006. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2013-14811
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