Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a new minimally invasive non-thermal focal ablation technique that has been used for the treatment of spontaneous tumors in canine and human patients [1, 2]. The procedure typically involves placing two electrodes into or around a tumor and delivering a series of low energy electric pulses to kill tumor tissue with sub-millimeter resolution. The pulses generate an electric field that alters the resting transmembrane potential (TMP) of the cells. Depending on the magnitude of the induced TMP, the electric pulses can have no effect, reversibly increase membrane permeability, or cause cell death in the case of IRE.

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