Aortic stenosis (AS) is abnormal narrowing of the aortic valve which partially obstructs outflow of blood from the left ventricle to aorta. Symptomatic AS is associated with a high mortality rate, approximately 50% in the first 2 years, if left untreated [1, 2]. Transcatheter aortic valve (TAV) implantation has been recently developed as an effective endovascular treatment for high-risk AS patients, in which a stented bioprosthetic valve is deployed through a catheter within the diseased aortic valve. Since the first procedure in 2002 , there has been an explosive growth in TAV implantation. By the end of 2011, there were 10 TAV companies that had first-in-man implantation data . More than 50,000 TAV implantations have been performed worldwide since 2007. Short-term and medium-term outcomes after TAV implantation are encouraging with significant reduction in rates of death. However, adverse events associated with TAV implantation were reported [5, 6]. Furthermore, long-term durability and safety of these devices are largely unknown and needed to be evaluated and studied carefully [7, 8]. It is widely accepted that valve designs that reduce leaflet stresses are likely to give improved performance in long-term applications. The objective of this study was to quantify the effect of 2D TAV leaflet geometry design on 3D valve stress distribution using probabilistic computational simulation.
- Bioengineering Division
Probabilistic Computational Analysis of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Leaflet Design
Li, K, & Sun, W. "Probabilistic Computational Analysis of Transcatheter Aortic Valve Leaflet Design." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Volume 1B: Extremity; Fluid Mechanics; Gait; Growth, Remodeling, and Repair; Heart Valves; Injury Biomechanics; Mechanotransduction and Sub-Cellular Biophysics; MultiScale Biotransport; Muscle, Tendon and Ligament; Musculoskeletal Devices; Multiscale Mechanics; Thermal Medicine; Ocular Biomechanics; Pediatric Hemodynamics; Pericellular Phenomena; Tissue Mechanics; Biotransport Design and Devices; Spine; Stent Device Hemodynamics; Vascular Solid Mechanics; Student Paper and Design Competitions. Sunriver, Oregon, USA. June 26–29, 2013. V01BT30A005. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2013-14418
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