Cartilage tissue engineering (CTE) is a strategy of great interest and promise for the replacement of osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage. In CTE, chondrocytes are used to synthesize cartilage matrix products (predominantly glycosaminoglycans (GAG) and type II collagen). The aim for CTE is to develop engineered constructs with mechanical properties and biochemical composition comparable to native tissue, to reproduce its functional properties.

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