Measurement of in vivo knee kinematics can provide useful insight into disease, injury, and clinical treatment. Cartilage loading patterns are of particular interest while studying the progression of osteoarthritis [1]. However, inferring cartilage contact from skeletal kinematics requires high resolution volumetric models of cartilage surfaces and accurate skeletal positions and orientations. This is a challenging requirement at the knee, which exhibits substantial translation and non-sagittal rotation during normal activities such as gait [2]. We have recently introduced a novel 3D cine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique to measure in vivo tibiofemoral kinematics [3]. The purpose of this study was to develop a MR-compatible motion phantom that can generate repeatable 3D skeletal motion suitable for quantifying the accuracy and precision of kinematics derived from dynamic MRI.

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