Irregular sickle red blood cells (RBCs) can contribute to the pathogenesis of vasoocclusion and other complications of sickle cell disease (SCD) via abnormal adherence to the vascular endothelium. It has previously been demonstrated that epinephrine enhances SCD RBC adhesion by activating the BCAM/Lu and ICAM-4 surface receptors [1–2]. Epinephrine acts on the RBC β2-adrenergic receptor, thereby activating Gas proteins that stimulate adenylyl cyclase (AC). This enzyme catalyzes the conversion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), leading to protein kinase A (PKA) activation, an intermediate step in the upregulation of BCAM/Lu and ICAM-4 mediated adhesion. The interaction of BCAM/Lu with the α5 chain of laminin may contribute to vaso-occlusive events in SCD due to overexpression of BCAM on SCD RBCs.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.