Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are characterized by disturbed flow patterns, low and oscillatory wall shear stress with high gradients, increased particle residence time, and mild turbulence. Diameter is the most common metric for rupture prediction, although this metric can be unreliable. We hypothesize that understanding the flow topology and mixing inside AAA could provide useful insight into mechanisms of aneurysm growth. AAA morphology has high variability, as with AAA hemodynamics, and therefore we consider patient-specific analyses over several small to medium sized AAAs. Vortical patterns dominate AAA hemodynamics and traditional analyses based on the Eulerian fields (e.g. velocity) fail to convey the complex flow structures. The computation of finite-time Lyapunov exponent (FTLE) fields and underlying Lagrangian coherent structures (LCS) help reveal a Lagrangian template for quantifying the flow .
- Bioengineering Division
Transport and Mixing in Patient Specific Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms With Lagrangian Coherent Structures
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Arzani, A, & Shadden, SC. "Transport and Mixing in Patient Specific Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms With Lagrangian Coherent Structures." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Fajardo, Puerto Rico, USA. June 20–23, 2012. pp. 9-10. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2012-80475
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