The increase of isometric force after active lengthening, termed force enhancement (FE), is a well-accepted characteristic of skeletal muscle that has been demonstrated in both whole muscle [1,3] and single-fiber preparations [1,2]. The amount of FE increases with increasing amplitudes of stretch, yet no clear correlation between FE and the rate stretch has been demonstrated [2]. Although this behavior has been observed experimentally for over 70 years, its underlying mechanism(s) remain unknown. Furthermore, most studies of FE have been limited to steady-state (FESS) observations [1–3], whereas clues to the underlying mechanism(s) may very well exist in the transient force recovery period following an active stretch, as seen in another history-dependent phenomenon, force depression [4].

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